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Walter S. MelionAsa Griggs Candler Professor of Art History

Education

Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, 1988

Research Interests

Walter Melion is Asa Griggs Candler Professor of Art History at Emory University in Atlanta, where he has taught since 2004. He was previously Professor and Chair of Art History at The Johns Hopkins University.  He has published extensively on Dutch and Flemish art and art theory of the 16th and 17th centuries, on Jesuit image-theory, on the relation between theology and aesthetics in the early modern period, and on the artist Hendrick Goltzius.

In addition to monographs on Jerónimo Nadal's Adnotationes et meditationes in Evangelia (2003-2007) and on scriptural illustration in the 16th-century Low Countries (2009), his books include Shaping the Netherlandish Canon: Karel van Mander's `Schilder-Boeck' (Chicago: 1991) and The Meditative Art: Studies in the Northern Devotional Print, 1550-1625 (Philadelphia: 2009). He is co-editor of Image and Imagination of the Religious Self in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe (Turnhout: 2008), Early Modern Eyes (Leiden: 2010), Meditatio-Refashioning the Self: Theory and Practice in Late Medieval and Early Modern Intellectual Culture (Leiden: 2010), The Authority of the Word: Reflecting on Image and Text in Northern Europe, 1400-1700 (Leiden: 2011), and Ut pictura meditatio: The Meditative Image in Northern Art, 1500-1700, amongst other volumes. He was elected Foreign Member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2010.

Selected Publications

Books

Shaping the Netherlandish Canon: Karel van Mander's "Schilder-Boeck" (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press, 1991)

The Art of Vision in Jerome Nadal's "Adnotationes et meditationes in Evangelia" [Volume 1 of Jerome Nadal,"Annotations and Meditations on the Liturgical Gospels," trans. Father F. Homann, S.J.] (Philadelphia: Saint Joseph's University Press, 2003)

The Meditative Art: Studies in the Northern Devotional Print, 1550-1625 (Philadelphia: Saint Joseph's University Press, 2009)

Through a Glass, Darkly: Allegory and Faith in Netherlandish Prints from Lucas van Leyden to RembrandtWalter S. Melion and James Clifton (Atlanta: Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University, 2019).

Editions

Cultural Differentiation and Cultural Identity in the Visual Arts, co-ed., S. J. Barnes (Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art, 1989)

Images of Memory: On Remembering and Representation, co-ed., S. Küchler (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1991)

Image & Imagination of the Religious Self in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe, co-eds. R. Falkenburg and T. Richardson (Turnhout: Brepols Press, Spring 2008)

Early Modern Eyes [Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture 13], eds. W. S. Melion and L. Palmer Wandel (Leiden: Brill, 2009)

Scripture for the Eyes: Bible Illustration in Netherlandish Prints of the Sixteenth Century [exh. cat., Museum of Biblical Art, New York City; Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University, Atlanta], eds. J. Clifton and W. S. Melion (London and New York: Museum of Biblical Art and D. Giles Ltd., 2009)

Meditatio - Refashioning the Self: Theory and Practice in Late Medieval and Early Modern Intellectual Culture [Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture 17], eds. K. A. E. Enenkel and W. S. Melion (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2011)

The Authority of the Word: Reflecting on Image and Text in Northern Europe, 1400-1700 [Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture 20], eds. C. Brusati, K. A. E. Enenkel, and W. S. Melion (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2011)

`Ut pictura meditatio': The Meditative Image in Northern Art, 1500-1700 [Proteus: Studies in Early Modern Identity Formation 4], eds. W. Melion, R. Dekoninck, and A. Guiderdoni-Bruslé (Turnhout: 2012)

Recent Articles

“Introduction”, co-authored with L. P. Wandel, in Image and Incarnation: The Early Modern Doctrine of the Pictorial Image, 1400-1700 [Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture 39], eds. W. S. Melion and L. P. Wandel (Leiden and Boston: 2015), 1-14

“Convent and cubiculum cordis: The Incarnational Thematic of Materiality in the Cistercian Prayerbook of Martin Boschman (1610)”, in Image and Incarnation: The Early Modern Doctrine of the Pictorial Image, 1400-1700 [Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture 39], eds. W. S. Melion and L. P. Wandel (Leiden and Boston: 2015), 413-58

Apellea et ipse manu: Hieronymus Cock and His Allegories of Art—Apollo, Diana, and the Niobids, The Labors of Hercules, Hercules and the Pygmies, and The Raising of the Brazen Serpent”, in B. Barryte, Myth, Allegory, and Faith: The Kirk Edward Long Collection of Mannerist Prints (Stanford: 2015), 181-201

“Personification; An Introduction”, in Personification: Embodying Meaning and Emotion [Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture 41], eds. W. S. Melion and B. Ramakers (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2016), 1-40

“Figured Personification and Parabolic Embodiment in Jan David’s Occasio arrepta, neglecta,” in Personification: Embodying Meaning and Emotion [Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture 41], eds. W. S. Melion and B. Ramakers (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2016), 371-432

“Introduction: The Jesuit Engagement with the Status and Functions of the Visual Image”, in Jesuit Image Theory [Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture 45], eds. W. de Boer, K. A. E. Enenkel, and W. S. Melion (Leiden & Boston: 2016), 1-49

Libellus piarum precum (1575): Iterations of the Five Holy Wounds in an Early Jesuit Prayerbook”, in Jesuit Image Theory [Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture 45], eds. W. de Boer, K. A. E. Enenkel, and W. S. Melion (Leiden & Boston: 2016), 189-253

Signa Resurrectionis: Vision, Image, and Pictorial Proof in Pieter Bruegel’s Resurrection of circa 1562-1563”, in The Art of Visual Exegesis: Rhetoric, Texts, Images, eds. Vernon K. Robbins, Walter S. Melion, and Roy R. Jeal (Atlanta: 2017), 381-440

Books

Quid Est Sacramentum?: Visual Representation of Sacred Mysteries in Early Modern Europe, 1400-1700

Quid Est Sacramentum?: Visual Representation of Sacred Mysteries in Early Modern Europe, 1400-1700, Walter S. Melion and Elizabeth Pastan (Leiden: Brill, 2020).

Through a Glass, Darkly: Allegory and Faith in Netherlandish Prints from Lucas van Leyden to Rembrandt

Through a Glass, Darkly: Allegory and Faith in Netherlandish Prints from Lucas van Leyden to Rembrandt, Walter S. Melion and James Clifton (Atlanta: Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University, 2019).

The Ten Commandments in Medieval and Early Modern Culture

The Ten Commandments in Medieval and Early Modern Culture [Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture 52], eds. Youri Desplenter, Jurgen Pieters, and Walter Melion (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2017)

The Art of Visual Exegesis: Rhetoric, Texts, Images

The Art of Visual Exegesis: Rhetoric, Texts, Images [Emory Studies in Early Christianity 19], eds. Vernon K. Robbins, Walter S. Melion, and Roy R. Jeal (Atlanta: SBL Press, 2017)

 Jesuit Image Theory

Jesuit Image Theory [Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture 45], eds. Wietse de Boer, Karl A.E. Enenkel, and Walter S. Melion (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2016)

 Personification: Embodying Meaning and Emotion

Personification: Embodying Meaning and Emotion [Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture 39], eds. Walter S. Melion and Bart Ramakers (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2016)

Image and Incarnation: The Early Modern Doctrine of the Pictorial Image 

Image and Incarnation: The Early Modern Doctrine of the Pictorial Image [Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture 39], eds. Walter S. Melion and Lee Palmer Wandel (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2015)

The Anthropomorphic Lens: Anthropomorphism, Microcosmism and Analogy in Early Modern Thought and Visual Arts

The Anthropomorphic Lens: Anthropomorphism, Microcosmism and Analogy in Early Modern Thought and Visual Arts [Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture 34], eds. Walter S. Melion, Bret Rothstein and Michel Weemans (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2015)

Imago Exegetica: Visual Images as Exegetical Instruments, 1400-1700

Imago Exegetica: Visual Images as Exegetical Instruments, 1400-1700 [Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture 33], eds. Walter S. Melion, James Clifton, and Michel Weemans (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2014)

Jerome Nadal, S.J.: Annotations et meditations on the Gospels: cumulative index

Jerome Nadal, S.J.: Annotations et meditations on the Gospels: cumulative index / prepared by Joseph P. Lea: with an introductory study by Walter S. Melion (Philadelphia: Saint Joseph's University Press, 2014)

Ut pictura meditatio': The Meditative Image in Northern Art, 1500 -1700 

'Ut pictura meditatio': The Meditative Image in Northern Art, 1500 -1700 [Proteus: Studies in Early Modern Identity Formation 4], eds. W. Melion, R. Dekoninck, and A. Guiderdoni-Bruslé (Turnhout: 2012)

The Authority of the Word: Reflecting on Image and Text in Northern Europe, 1400-1700 

The Authority of the Word: Reflecting on Image and Text in Northern Europe, 1400-1700 Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture 20], eds. C. Brusati, K. A. E. Enenkel, and W. S. Melion (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2011)

Meditatio - Refashioning the Self: Theory and Practice in Late Medieval and Early Modern Intellectual Culture

Meditatio - Refashioning the Self: Theory and Practice in Late Medieval and Early Modern Intellectual Culture [Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture 17], eds. K. A. E. Enenkel and W. S. Melion (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2010)  

The Meditative Art: Studies in the Northern Devotional Print, 1550-1625

The Meditative Art: Studies in the Northern Devotional Print, 1550-1625 (Philadelphia: Saint Joseph's University Press, 2010)

Early Modern Eyes

Early Modern Eyes [Intersections: Interdisciplinary Studies in Early Modern Culture 13], eds. W. S. Melion and L. Palmer Wandel (Leiden: Brill, 2009)

Scripture for the Eyes: Bible Illustration in Netherlandish Prints of the Sixteenth Century

Scripture for the Eyes: Bible Illustration in Netherlandish Prints of the Sixteenth Century [exh. cat., Museum of Biblical Art, New York City; Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University, Atlanta], eds. J. Clifton and W. S. Melion (London and NewYork: Museum of Biblical Art and D. Giles Ltd., 2009)

melion-annotations02.jpg

Annotations and Meditations on the Liturgical Gospels. Volume II: The Passion Narratives (Philadelphia: Saint Joseph's University Press, 2007), 1-73

Image and Imagination of the Religious Self in Medieval and Early Modern Europe

Image and Imagination of the Religious Self in Medieval and Early Modern Europe, eds. R. Falkenburg and W. Melion (Proteus 1) (Turnhout: Brepols Publishers, 2007)

Annotations and Meditations on the Liturgical Gospels. Volume III: The Resurrection Narratives

Annotations and Meditations on the Liturgical Gospels. Volume III: The Resurrection Narratives (Philadelphia: Saint Joseph's University Press, 2005): 1-32

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The Art of Vision in Jerome Nadal's 'Adnotationes et meditationes in Evangelia', in Annotations and Meditations on the Gospels. Volume 1: The Infancy Narratives, trans. F. Homann, S.J. (Philadelphia: Saint Joseph's University Press, 2003)

Images of Memory: On Remembering and Representation

Images of Memory: On Remembering and Representation, eds., S. Küchler and W. S. Melion (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1991)

Shaping the Netherlandish Canon: Karel van Mander's 'Schilder-Boeck' 

Shaping the Netherlandish Canon: Karel van Mander's 'Schilder-Boeck' (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press, 1991)